My first op-ed article in 2006 (the Indonesian version was also published by Kompas). Thanks to Jusuf Kalla for his remark. Because of the limited space, I had to drop some interesting issues:
1. Jagdish Bhagwati's rebuttal to Amartya Sen. According to Sen, famine never occured in democratic countries. But Bhagwati cited an example of an Indian state of Bihar, who had a famine problem in the 1980s although many other states had suprluses of rice production. The surplus state refused to transfer their surpluses, and the central government could not do anything. Finally, PM Indira Gandhi had to ask for help from Washington. This is on page 100-101 of "In Defense of Globalization" (2004).
2. The discussion about good institutions and economic welfare. Reverse causality issue: do good institutions create economic welfare, or are institutions good because prosperous countries can afford to have them? Acemoglu, Johnson and Robinson (2000) proved that institutions do matter. What's interesting from their paper is the use of settlers mortality rate during the colonial era as an instrumental variable, so they solved the problem of reverse causality. However, as we know, this guy doesn't really buy the idea, and argues that once you get rich, you can afford to have good institutions, good governance and less corruption.